R: How do you stay optimistic about the climate?
S: It’s the only choice in my opinion. To be pessimistic about the climate would mean I don’t believe in the future of this planet. To be apathetic about the climate would mean I am in denial of the crisis we’re in. Being a climate optimist is the only way forward; you have to believe in your work in order to fully achieve the goals we’re asking.
R: Why is it important to talk about the environmental impact of fashion in particular?
S: Because the fashion industry is one of the most polluting industries. For carbon emissions, the fashion industry is responsible for about 8% of the total worldwide greenhouse gases–that’s more than all international flights and shipping combined, according to the UN.
R: How can people resist the binarized idea of being sustainable?
S: Understanding sustainability as a spectrum is a foundational step into understanding the climate. Consider this: no one can be essentially zero-waste, as even if you recycle, less than 10% of recycled items actually get recycled into usable materials. I’m sharing this because the idea of being a ‘perfect environmentalist’ can be paralyzing. Being intentional is different than being perfect. And this is one of the many examples of how sustainability is a spectrum, not a binary.
R: In what ways have you seen the sustainability conversation change throughout your career?
S: When sustainability first came into the vernacular, the conversation revolved around the individual and what the individual could do, i.e. being zero-waste. Then it evolved into pointing the finger at companies and fossil fuels. Now with AOTA and our increased knowledge of this space, the conversation needs to revolve around all-of-the-above solutions with both individual and collective action working simultaneously.
R: Intersectionality affects the way people experience climate change. Do you think it also affects the way people respond to it?
S: 100%. Communities of color have been talking about the impacts of the climate crisis for a decade now because they were the first to experience it. Also, those on the climate frontlines don’t have room or time to believe the climate crisis is a far off catastrophe–they are experiencing it now.
R: How do we influence existing institutions to become more intersectional?
S: Revolution starts internally. The influx of nontypical politicians from AOC to India Walton, who just won the Buffalo primary, shifts the institution to become more intersectional. The more we influence from within, the greater the shift is towards intersectionality.
R: Besides climate, what other binaries should we get rid of?
S: All binaries! Gender binaries, race binaries, political and financial binaries.
R: Does your journalistic experience inform how you define sustainability?
S: For sure–as a journalist, you begin to understand how words and language itself can be harmful because 1. we can all interpret a notion such as sustainability differently when it’s not regulated, and 2. just as we individually see a picture when looking at the same painting, we all hear and communicate words differently as well. Thus, I never try to take any buzzword or phrase at surface level.
R: What advice would you give to people who want to get involved in the climate conversation?
S: Simply start participating! It doesn’t have to be at a grand scale–it’s even more powerful and impactful having these conversations with your immediate circle. One of the biggest myths is that there are a lot of climate change deniers–the more we talk about the climate, the more we understand everyone is also on the same page, and the faster we can all unify to move forward.